The cause

About type 1 diabetes

More than 120,000 Australians and their families are facing the daily burden of living with type 1 diabetes (T1D).

T1D is caused by the immune system mistakenly turning on itself, destroying cells within the pancreas that produce insulin. Without insulin, the body literally starves as it cannot process food.

There is no way to prevent T1D, and currently no cure. People can be diagnosed with the disease at any age, though diagnosis is most common in children.

People with T1D must:

  • Receive a constant supply of insulin to stay alive by several needles daily, or through infusion from a pump
  • Endure painful finger pricks around 6-8 times a day to help control their blood glucose levels to avoid dangerous hypoglycaemiac (low blood sugar) hyperglycaemiac (high blood sugar) events.
  • Do the best they can with blood glucose management to lower the risk of complications.

Download this fact sheet to find out more about type 1 diabetes or go to the JDRF website.

JDRF Fact Sheet: Type 1 DiabetesJDRF website

about JDRF

JDRF is the leading global organisation funding type 1 diabetes (T1D) research. Our mission is to accelerate life-changing breakthroughs to cure, prevent and treat T1D and its complications.

Just a snapshot of progress:
  • $152M invested in Australian T1D research since 1982
  • JDRF globally has eliminated T1D in mice 700+ times
  • JDRF has increased its number of human clinical trials by twelve times in the last 15 years
  • JDRF funds research in 20+ countries
  • There are 18 insulin free patients in Australia thanks to islet transplantation
  • 70 human clinical trials funded by JDRF internationally
  • 7 million+ needles avoided through the Australian JDRF-administered Insulin Pump Program
  • The world’s longest and largest at-home trial of a hybrid closed loop system (artificial pancreas) is taking place in Australia.

We collaborate with academic institutions, policymakers, and corporate and industry partners to develop and deliver a pipeline of innovative therapies to people living with T1D.

We want to keep people with T1D healthy and safe today until we reach our ultimate goal of a cure and universal prevention of T1D. With our research strategy and your support, we will create a world without type 1 diabetes.

Learn more about JDRF on our website.